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Gythion-Diros Caves

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Diros Caves

Gythion is a historic town and port situated on the southern Peloponnese in the Laconic Gulf. Gythion first appeared in history in the 5th century BC and means "Land of the Gods" and this because once Hercules and Apollo in the building of the city came into conflict because of the magic tripod of the oracle of Delphi. The fight not declared the winner; eventually following the conciliation between them instead of Heraclea or Apollonia the town called "Earth of the Gods" consistently honored both in this city. According to mythology the island "Kranai" on the south side of town, is now joined to the coast, overnight Helen - Menelaus's wife - with her lover Paris, after the exodus from Sparta before the trip to Troy. Leaving, Paris forgot his helmet,(in Greek kranos) and so named the Kranai. In 375 AD was a great earthquake, where the tidal waves engulf Gythion in Laconian Gulf waters submerging or burying its inhabitants, so from the old city left only a section now called "Paleopolis." Over the centuries the layers of the surrounding hills streams and buried the last vestiges of the ancient city. During the Middle Ages Gythion was completely forgotten. In 1685 began to inhabited again. The Contemporary Gythion rises amphitheatrically at the eastern foot of the ancient "Mount Larysios" just above the main port from which made exports of citrus fruits, olive oil, olives and other derivatives thereof.

This tour includes a private vehicle with driver, and an English-speaking escort

• Please keep in mind that your English-speaking escort can enter in archeological sites with you but the tour for those will precede the visit. If you want a licensed-authorized guide to tour the sites with you, you can hire one at an extra cost.
• The price of this tour does not include any food, entrance fees, or gratuities.
• In SHARED tours the escort must maintain schedule for a fair and successful day for all.

• Use comfortable shoes and please keep in mind that the weather may be very hot during summer.

The program for a full day excursion in Laconia, which lasts 8 hours, consists of visiting the following points, (after driving 1 hour from Gythion port to Diros Caves):

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Diros Caves

1. DIROS CAVES                                                           Duration of visit: 2 hours

Diros Caves - is one of the prettiest lake caves in the world. Is an underground river and is formed of two main parallel runways with several secondary. It’s located on the west coast of the Laconian peninsula in the bay of Dirou. The existence was known locally by about 1900. But no one suspected the wonder that was hiding inside until 1949, when the founders of the Greek Speleological Society began to explore systematically. By 1960 they had explored and mapped 1,600 meters and now the known length of the cave is over 15 kilometers. In 1970 he became the first underwater exploration. The cave began to form before hundreds of thousands of years. The stalactites and stalagmites that are currently under water formed when sea level was much lower than the current level. The water inside is brackish and has great toughness. The temperature is about 14 C, while the air ranges from 16 to 19 C. Its natural entrance is just half a meter in diameter and located very close to sea level. In earlier times the cave had other entrances which are gradually closed. Inside the cave were found human skeletons and skulls, fossilized bones of panther, hyena, lion, deer, marten and the largest deposit of hippos in Europe. In Diros Cave we will visit the following points:
Glyfada or Vlychada Cave. The length of the corridors of the cave that is visited is 3100m. of which 300m. are in land. The tour of the marine area is by boat; b. Neolithic Museum of Diros.
Entrance fees:
12€ in Glyfada Cave; 2€ in museum (closed on Mondays).

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Pyrgos Dirou

2. BEACH OF PYRGOS DIROU                       Duration of visit: 1 and a half hour

Swimming in the beautiful beach of Pyrgos Dirou - Greece is known for its beaches that's why the best way to conclude our visit to Diros is enjoying the turquoise waters and the white pebbles of this quiet beach and sunbathing under the hot sun.

After driving 10 minutes from Diros Caves we will reach Areopolis

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3. Lunch                                                        Duration of visit: 1 and a half hour

Lunch - We will visit a traditional restaurant in the village of Areopolis to have lunch with local dishes.

After driving 1 hour from Areopolis we will reach Gythion

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4. GYTHION                                                            Duration of visit: 45 minutes

Gythion - There you will have the opportunity to visit the island of Kranai in order to see the following monuments:
a. The Lighthouse of Gythion; b. The Historical and Ethnological Museum of Mani; c. The small church of St. Peter and Paul.
Entrance fees:
2€ in museum.





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